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Trade & Transport


West Bank Trade and Transport:

Learning from Landlocked Developing Countries

Hernan Levy

November 10, 2016


I am grateful to Edward Thompson and Sam Bahour, co-founders of Americans for a Vibrant Palestinian Economy (AVPE), who encouraged me to carry out this research, contributed comments, and provided invaluable contacts with Palestinian trading staff and companies. PALTRADE and the Office of the Quartet, especially Audrey Adams and her team at the trade group, and Nasser Abufarha, Founder and Director of Canaan Fair Trade, were very helpful, contributing with views and data. Comments on an earlier draft by esteemed colleagues Graham Smith, a co-author of relevant documentation, and Santiago Friedmann, are gratefully acknowledged. I further thank Graham for his editorial assistance. I thank John Nellis for his review of sensitive and broader aspects of the paper. Suggestions during the design of the paper regarding research coverage and sources were provided by several World Bank staff and consultants. I appreciate especially the suggestions by Jean-Francois Arvis and Gael Raballand. All remaining errors are mine.



Documentation used for preparing this paper comes from a variety of sources. Several of the documents were sponsored/financed by bilateral and multilateral agencies, including the United States, the European Union, the Office of the Middle East Quartet (“The Quartet”, composed of representatives from the US, the EU, the UN and Russia), the World Trade Organization, the International Council of Swedish Industry (NIR), and the World Economic Forum. The World Bank’s extensive research on Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) has been the main source regarding their experience.


Authors of the papers reviewed included distinguished Palestinians such as Dr. Karim Nashashibi, former Country Director for the West Bank and the Gaza Strip at the International Monetary Fund and others associated with PALTRADE and PSC, and Israeli researchers associated with the Peres Center for Peace and Tel Aviv University.


Important material was received from the Office of the Quartet. Such documentation has been the basis for discussing the situation of the West Bank with regard to various areas where the LLDC’s experience is deemed to be relevant.


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